LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) is a type of eye surgery for correcting refractive issues. Over the years LASIK surgery results have continuously improved, and is one of the preferred solutions by those who would rather not wear eyeglasses or contacts. Read on as Eye and Vision Care shares an overview of how LASIK works.
How Does LASIK Work?
LASIK works by using a special type of laser to reshape the cornea, and is ideal for peoplewith refractive vision issues like the following:
Myopia — Also known as nearsightedness. Objects at a distance look blurred.
Hyperopia — Also known as farsightedness. Objects close at hand look blurred.
Astigmatism — Blurring and distortion that affect objects near and far.
During operation, a flap is created on the top layer of the eye, revealing the corneal stroma layer. This is the part that is reshaped by removing layers that are tens of micrometers thick. The flap is then carefully repositioned, after which the area is cleaned for bubbles or foreign particles. The flap remains in position until it adheres to the eye naturally.
Setting Expectations About LASIK
LASIK is an elective operation, which means the patient can still opt for contacts, eyeglasses or orthokeratology if LASIK is deemed to be unsuitable. It should be noted that, being a delicate operation, the patient should take special care in choosing their clinic to avoid postoperative complications. LASIK is not suitable for patients with thin corneas, or for children, as their eyes are still developing at that age.
After the Operation
The patient’s eye becomes blurry for a short time after the operation, but this will heal once the flap fully heals. Small blood vessels in the white area may burst during the operation, but this is harmless and heals in a few weeks’ time. Follow-up eye examinations are also performed to ensure that the eye heals properly.
To learn more about LASIK and if it’s suitable for you, have an eye exam performed by Eye and Vision Care. Call us today at (703) 988-2571. You can also fill out our contact form to schedule an eye appointment. We serve Fairfax, VA, and the surrounding areas.