Hypertensive retinopathy (HR) is a complication of hypertension and diabetes. If you have high blood pressure and you’re experiencing vision problems, immediately seek the help of your doctor.
In this post, your local provider of quality eyeglasses and contacts, Eye and Vision Care discusses what you need to know about hypertensive retinopathy.
Causes and Symptoms
When left untreated, high blood pressure can damage the retina or the part of the eye responsible for photoreception. Hypertension is the main cause of hypertensive retinopathy.
High blood pressure is affected by the lack of physical activity, being overweight, consuming excessive amounts of salt and a stressful lifestyle. The condition can also be hereditary.
Most patients with HR don’t experience symptoms until the disease has significantly progressed. If you’re at risk, regularly visit your eye doctor for an eye exam to monitor your eye health.
Common symptoms of the condition may include vision loss, eye swelling, a blood vessel bursting and double vision with headaches. Consult your doctor if you’re experiencing any of these symptoms for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Cardiovascular diseases, prolonged high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, high cholesterol and an unhealthy lifestyle increases your risk of getting HR.
The only treatment for hypertensive retinopathy is managing and lowering your blood pressure through lifestyle changes and medications.
Including copious amounts of fruits and vegetables in the diet can help lower blood pressure. Aside from that, salt, caffeine and alcohol intake should be reduced.
Engage yourself in physical activity and if you’re smoking, you should quit. Losing weight can aid high blood pressure management.
In addition to these lifestyle changes, your doctor may prescribe you with blood pressure medications such as diuretics, beta blockers or ACE inhibitors.
Monitor your eye health and preserve your vision by regularly getting your eyes checked. Visit Eye and Vision Care for a comprehensive eye exam. We also offer lenses and frames in various styles, designs and brands. Call us at (703) 659-2635 or schedule an appointment online. We help patients in Haymarket, VA.