Glaucoma refers to a group of diseases that damage the optic nerve or the link between the eye and the brain. It’s a leading cause of vision loss worldwide, but can be prevented with early diagnosis and treatment. What makes this eye condition concerning is that it doesn’t manifest symptoms until it’s in its later stages.
Types of Glaucoma
Angle Closure Glaucoma – It occurs when the iris blocks the normal flow of fluid to the drain. This is considered an emergency if it happens suddenly accompanied by severe pain, nausea, vomiting and blurred vision with a rainbow halo around lights. However, angle-closure is usually a slow process where physical damage to the drain results in increased eye pressure, which can harm the optic nerve.
Congenital or Juvenile Glaucoma – This eye condition affects children from birth. Sufferers may experience extreme sensitivity to light, tearing, cloudy cornea and an increase in eye size.
Secondary Glaucoma – It often results from an underlying eye or general conditions, or from the side effects of treatments of those conditions.
How to Get Checked
Getting an eye exam remains the best way to detect all types of glaucoma. Regularly have your eyes checked by an eye doctor at least twice a year. Your eye specialists may check your eye pressure with a tonometer and the optic nerve for damage using an ophthalmoscope. They also usually check the front of the eyes with a slit lamp.
Who Are at Risk?
Those who have a family history of glaucoma are more likely to develop the disease. People with high eye pressure, who are over 50, have short- or long-sightedness, or who previously experienced eye injury are also at higher risk. It’s the same for those of African or Asian descent or have a history of diabetes and high or low blood pressure.
For your eye care needs, you can rely on Eye & Vision Care. Whether you need new contacts, prescription glasses or glaucoma treatment, we’re here to help. Call us at (703) 910-5952, or complete our contact form to schedule an appointment. We assist patients in South Riding, VA and nearby areas.